Aron, Raymond

(1905-83)
A controversial French sociologist, Aron was professor of sociology at the Sorbonne from 1955 to 1968, and for some years a prominent member of the Mont Pelerin Society (although he later resigned). He was instrumental in introducing German sociology (especially Tönnies, Simmel, and Weber) to French social science via his German Sociology (1935). He also wrote an influential introduction to sociological theory (Main Currents in Sociological Thought, 1960 and 1962) in which he gave a special emphasis to the work of Alexis de Tocqueville . Aron disagreed profoundly with Marxism as a social science, and it was partly on these grounds that he was often a target of criticism, because in post-war French social philosophy Marxism was the dominant paradigm. Aron, by contrast, was more impressed by the work of Max Weber , an influence which is evident in publications such as Eighteen Lectures on Industrial Society(1956). He played an important part in the debate which followed the student protests of 1968 (see The Elusive Revolution, 1968), and also wrote more generally about the nature of power, political élites, and political organization. He had a specific interest in the work of Vilfredo Pareto in his approach to élites.
Aron's work is distinctive because of the attention which he gave to international relations and war-topics which are frequently neglected by sociologists. This interest is reflected in Peace and War (1962) and Clausewitz (1985).

Dictionary of sociology. 2013.

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  • ARON, RAYMOND — (1905–1983), French sociologist and writer. Aron, who was born in Paris, taught at Le Havre, Toulouse, Cologne, and Berlin. In 1956 he was appointed professor of sociology at the Sorbonne, and director of studies at the Ecole Pratique des Hautes… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Aron, Raymond — (1905 1983)    philosopher and sociologist    Born and educated in Paris, Raymond Aron was a prominent political thinker who served as editor in chief of La France libre in London during World War II (1941 44) and, with Jean Paul Sartre, was one… …   France. A reference guide from Renaissance to the Present

  • Aron, Raymond — ▪ French sociologist born March 14, 1905, Paris, France died Oct. 17, 1983, Paris       French sociologist, historian, and political commentator known for his skepticism of ideological orthodoxies.       The son of a Jewish jurist, Aron obtained… …   Universalium

  • Aron, Raymond — ► (1905 83) Sociólogo francés. Se dedicó al estudio de las sociedades industriales. Escribió Diez lecciones sobre la sociedad industrial (1962). En 1979 recibió el premio Goethe, y en 1982 el premio Erasmo …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Aron, Raymond (-Claude-Ferdinand) — born 1905 died 1983 French sociologist and historian. After receiving his doctorate from the École Normale Supérieure (1930), he taught at the University of Toulouse until 1939. During World War II he joined the Free French and edited their… …   Universalium

  • Aron, Raymond (-Claude-Ferdinand) — (1905–1983). Sociólogo e historiador francés. Luego de doctorarse en la École Normale Supérieure (1930), enseñó en la Universidad de Toulouse hasta 1939. Durante la segunda guerra mundial se unió a Francia Libre y editó su periódico (1940–44).… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Aron — Aron, Raymond …   Dictionary of sociology

  • Raymond Claude Ferdinand Aron — Raymond Aron Pour les articles homonymes, voir Aron. Raymond Aron Philosophe occidental XXe siècle Naissa …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Aron (name) — Aron is a masculine given name and a surname. It is an alternate spelling of Aaron , prominent biblical figure in the Old Testament. The name mean mountaineer , or mount of strength . There are given name and surname variants.People with the name …   Wikipedia

  • Aron — m. *Aro (planta). * * * aron. m. aro2. * * * Aron, Raymond …   Enciclopedia Universal

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